A translational triage research development tool: standardizing prehospital triage decision-making systems in mass casualty incidents
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionKhorram-Manesh, A., Nordling, J., Carlström, E., Goniewicz, K., Faccincani, R. & Burkle, F. M. (2021). A translational triage research development tool: standardizing prehospital triage decision-making systems in mass casualty incidents. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, 29, Artikkel 119. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13049-021-00932-z
Background: There is no global consensus on the use of prehospital triage system in mass casualty incidents. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the most commonly used pre-existing prehospital triage systems for the possibility of creating one universal translational triage tool. Methods: The Rapid Evidence Review consisted of (1) a systematic literature review (2) merging and content analysis of the studies focusing on similarities and differences between systems and (3) development of a universal system. Results: There were 17 triage systems described in 31 eligible articles out of 797 identified initially. Seven of the systems met the predesignated criteria and were selected for further analysis. The criteria from the final seven systems were compiled, translated and counted for in means of 1/7’s. As a product, a universal system was created of the majority criteria. Conclusions: This study does not create a new triage system itself but rather identifies the possibility to convert various prehospital triage systems into one by using a triage translational tool. Future research should examine the tool and its different decision-making steps either by using simulations or by experts’ evaluation to ensure its feasibility in terms of speed, continuity, simplicity, sensitivity and specificity, before final evaluation at prehospital level.