Training interventions for healthcare providers offering group-based patient education. A scoping review
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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OriginalversjonKristjansdottir, O. B., Vågan, A., Svavarsdóttir, M. H., Børve, H. B., Hvinden, K., Duprez, V., Van Hecke, A., Heyn, L., Strømme, H., & Stenberg, U. (2021). Training interventions for healthcare providers offering group-based patient education. A scoping review. Patient Education and Counseling, 104(5), 1030-1048. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2020.12.006
Objectives: To provide overview of research on training interventions for healthcare providers aimed at promoting competencies in delivering group-based patient education. Methods: A systematic literature search identified relevant studies. Data was extracted on training details, study design, outcomes and experiences. Results were summarized and qualitative data analyzed using content analysis. Results: Twenty-seven studies exploring various training interventions were included. Ten studies used qualitative methods, eight quantitative and nine mixed methods. Use of a comparison group, validated instruments and follow-up measures was rare. Healthcare providers’ reactions to training were mostly positive. Several studies indicated positive short-term effects on self-efficacy and knowledge. Results on observed skills and patient outcomes were inconclusive. Results on healthcare providers’ experience of delivery of group-based patient education following training were categorized into 1) Benefits of training interventions, 2) Barriers to implementation and 3) Delivery support. Conclusions:Further evaluation of training for healthcare providers delivering group-based patient education is needed before conclusions on training efficacy can be drawn. The results indicate an expanding research field still in maturation. Practice implications: Efficacy studies evaluating theoretically grounded training with clear attention on group facilitation and follow-up support are needed. Inclusion of validated instruments and long-term outcomes is encouraged.