Nursing students’ application of knowledge about pain assessment in surgical practice
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionSjøveian, A. K. H. & Leegaard, M. (2020). Nursing students’ application of knowledge about pain assessment in surgical practice. Nordisk sygeplejeforskning, 10(4), 240-252. https://doi.org/10.18261/issn.1892-2686-2020-04-03
Background: The International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) has developed specific learning objectives for bachelor nursing students’ pain curriculum. Earlier studies emphasise the importance of strengthening knowledge of pain management in nursing programs. Nevertheless, there is little research exploring how nursing students develop and achieve their learning outcomes related to the topic of pain. Aim: The aim of the study was to explore how surgical practice students apply their knowledge about pain assessment, and what might affect their learning outcomes. Methods: The study followed a qualitative research methodology with a descriptive design. Data were collected from two different modules and student groups in the bachelor program. Part 1: Document analysis of theoretical exam answers (N=12). Part 2: Two group interviews was conducted where students in surgical practice participated (N=6). A qualitative content analysis was carried out resulting in descriptive subtopics and findings. Findings: The findings illustrate that participants in surgical practice utilised much of the knowledge described in the exam answers. However, their specific application of knowledge could be limited by the supervision situation and unclear routines in the clinic. Conclusion: The study illuminates the importance of further research both within theoretical and clinical studies to improve student‘s knowledge in pain management.