Constraining the magnitude of the Chiral Magnetic Effect with Event Shape Engineering in Pb–Pb collisions at √sNN = 2.76 TeV
Acharya, Shreyasi; Adam, Jaroslav; Adamová, Dagmar; Adolfsson, Jonatan; Aggarwal, Madan M.; Aglieri Rinella, Gianluca; Agnello, Michelangelo; Agrawal, Nikita; Ahammed, Zubayer; Ahmad, Shafiq F.; Alme, Johan; Altenkaemper, Lucas; Djuvsland, Øystein; Fionda, Fiorella Maria Celeste; Lønne, Per-Ivar; Nystrand, Joakim; Rehman, Attiq ur; Røhrich, Dieter; Tambave, Ganesh Jagannath; Ullaland, Kjetil; Velure, Arild; Wagner, Boris; Zhang, Hui; Zhou, Zhuo; Zhu, Hongsheng; Arsene, Ionut Christian; Bätzing, Paul Christoph; Dordic, Olja; Lardeux, Antoine Xavier; Lindal, Svein; Mahmood, Sohail Musa; Milosevic, Jovan; Richter, Matthias; Røed, Ketil; Skaali, Toralf Bernhard; Tveter, Trine Spedstad; Wikne, Jon Christopher; Zhao, Chengxin; Helstrup, Håvard; Hetland, Kristin Fanebust; Kileng, Bjarte; Nesbø, Simon Voigt; Storetvedt, Maksim Melnik; Langøy, Rune; Lien, Jørgen; Ahn, Sang Un; Aiola, Salvatore; Akindinov, Alexander; Al-Turany, Mohammed; Alam, Sk Noor; ALICE, Collaboration
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionPhysics Letters B. 2018, 777, 151-162. 10.1016/j.physletb.2017.12.021
In ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions, the event-by-event variation of the elliptic flow v2reflects fluctuations in the shape of the initial state of the system. This allows to select events with the same centrality but different initial geometry. This selection technique, Event Shape Engineering, has been used in the analysis of charge-dependent two-and three-particle correlations in Pb–Pbcollisions at √sNN=2.76TeV. The two-particle correlator _cos(ϕα−ϕβ)_, calculated for different combinations of charges αand β, is almost independent of v2(for a given centrality), while the three-particle correlator _cos(ϕα+ϕβ−2_2)_scales almost linearly both with the event v2and charged-particle pseudorapidity density. The charge dependence of the three-particle correlator is often interpreted as evidence for the Chiral Magnetic Effect (CME), a parity violating effect of the strong interaction. However, its measured dependence on v2points to a large non-CME contribution to the correlator. Comparing the results with Monte Carlo calculations including a magnetic field due to the spectators, the upper limit of the CME signal contribution to the three-particle correlator in the 10–50% centrality interval is found to be 26–33% at 95% confidence level.