An assessment of Longship-like CCS projects in Singapore and China
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In this master’s thesis, the potential for CCS projects similar to Longship in Singapore and China was investigated. This was done on the background that climate change is a looming threat, and carbon capture and storage could pose as a relatively cheap and quick way of reducing the emissions of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. The Norwegian project was chosen as a basis because of Norway’s previous success with CCS, and because of its potential for negative emissions through the storage of CO2 from incineration of biological waste. The feasibility of Longship-like projects was evaluated with the help of PESTEL analyses, to which data was collected from secondary sources. The analyses culminated in a summary of strengths and weaknesses of the two countries in such a project, as well as suggestions on how to overcome the most significant weaknesses. It was found that one of the main requirements for success in Singapore could be international collaboration, as the tiny nation struggles with suitable storage, and the main requirements for success in China could include greater involvement of CCS in their coming five-year plans as well as fiscal policies that incentivize coal plants to implement the technology. These findings are significant, as China is the country with the highest emissions of CO2 in the world and has a long-term goal of carbon neutrality, and Singapore could have the means to create fruitful international CCS projects that could benefit several Southeast Asian countries if given access to storage space.