Dielectron and heavy-quark production in inelastic and high-multiplicity proton–proton collisions at √s=13 TeV
Acharya, Shreyasi; Acosta, Fernando T.; Adamová, Dagmar; Adolfsson, Jonatan; Aggarwal, Madan M.; Aglieri Rinella, Gianluca; Agnello, Michelangelo; Agrawal, Nikita; Ahammed, Zubayer; Ahn, Sang Un; Alme, Johan; Altenkaemper, Lucas; Djuvsland, Øystein; Ersdal, Magnus Rentsch; Fionda, Fiorella Maria Celeste; Nystrand, Joakim; Rehman, Attiq ur; Røhrich, Dieter; Tambave, Ganesh Jagannath; Ullaland, Kjetil; Wagner, Boris; Zhou, Zhuo; Arsene, Ionut Cristian; Bätzing, Paul Christoph; Dordic, Olja; Lardeux, Antoine Xavier; Lindal, Svein; Mahmood, Sohail Musa; Malik, Qasim Waheed; Richter, Matthias; Røed, Ketil; Skaali, Toralf Bernhard; Tveter, Trine Spedstad; Wikne, Jon Christopher; Zhao, Chengxin; Helstrup, Håvard; Hetland, Kristin Fanebust; Kileng, Bjarte; Nesbø, Simon Voigt; Storetvedt, Maksim Melnik; Langøy, Rune; Lien, Jørgen; Aiola, Salvatore; Akindinov, Alexander; Al-Turany, Mohammed; Alam, Sk Noor; De Albuquerque, Danilo Silva; Aleksandrov, Dimitry; Alessandro, Bruno; Alfaro Molina, José Rubén; ALICE, Collaboration
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionPhysics Letters B. 2019, 788, 505-518. 10.1016/j.physletb.2018.11.009
The measurement of dielectron production is presented as a function of invariant mass and transverse momentum (pT) at midrapidity (|ye| <0.8) in proton–proton (pp) collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of √s=13TeV. The contributions from light-hadron decays are calculated from their measured cross ections in pp collisions at √s=7TeV or 13TeV. The remaining continuum stems from correlated semileptonic decays of heavy-flavour hadrons. Fitting the data with templates from two different MC event generators, PYTHIA and POWHEG, the charm and beauty cross sections at midrapidity are extracted for the first time at this collision energy: dσc¯ c/dy|y=0=974 ±138 (stat.) ±140 (syst.) ±214(BR)μband dσb¯ b/dy|y=0=79 ±14 (stat.) ±11 (syst.) ±5(BR)μbusing PYTHIA simulations and dσc¯ c/dy|y=0=1417 ±184 (stat.) ±204 (syst.) ±312(BR)μband dσb¯ b/dy|y=0=48 ±14 (stat.) ±7 (syst.) ±3(BR)μbfor POWHEG. These values, whose uncertainties are fully correlated between the two generators, are consistent with extrapolations from lower energies. The different results obtained with POWHEG and PYTHIA imply different kinematic correlations of the heavy-quark pairs in these two generators. Furthermore, comparisons of dielectron spectra in inelastic events and in events collected with a trigger on high charged-particle multiplicities are presented in various pTintervals. The differences are consistent with the already measured scaling of light-hadron and open-charm production at high charged-particle multiplicity as a function of pT. Upper limits for the contribution of virtual direct photons are extracted at 90% confidence level and found to be in agreement with pQCD calculations.
Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license