Assessment on the Impact of Pilot Nationality to Safety Performance
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The purpose of the present study was to assess the impact of pilot nationality to safety performance of the bridge team under pilotage operations. In order to address this, a simulation experiment was conducted to compare homogeneous teams and heterogeneous teams. The main task of the bridge team was to safely navigate the vessel. In addition, a proposed safety assessment framework based on safety performance indicators was formulated as a tool for the assessment. The result showed that heterogeneous teams performed better than homogeneous teams. Nevertheless, this did not necessarily indicate that heterogeneous teams performed the task in a safer manner than homogeneous teams. Furthermore, the impact of nationality to safety performance of the bridge team was inconclusive. Therefore, further research is needed.