Simulation of Hydrogen Tank Refuelling
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- Master i teknologi 
As an alternative to fossil fuels and as a sustainable energy carrier, there are considerable interestsin investigating hydrogen. Hence, it seems significant to evaluate the behavior of hydrogen in refueling or storing. The most important issue in refueling the tank pertains to the temperature. The hydrogen inside the tank heats up during the filling due to the effect of compression and negative Joule-Thomson coefficient. As a result, the main aim of this project is to examine the temperature inside the tank to not exceed 85°C in order to avoid cracking in the wall and consequently, further possible disasters. This can be done by implementing simulation with a proper software. OpenFoam is an appropriate software to consider such behaviors and it contributes to developing and considering the variety of properties including the temperature inside the tank. The cylindrical geometry is created with blockMesh in 3D while the geometry ends up with rectangular cubic in 2D. The proper boundary conditions and initial properties are set up in rhoCentralFoam solver to establish simulations in OpenFoam 5.0. According to the obtained results, it is found out that it seems necessary to precool inlet hydrogen to fulfill the main purpose of this project. The bigger inlet area also decreases the maximum temperature inside the tank however this effect is not that much considerable compared to precooling. A further point to add is that the position of the inlet can play a significant role in the final temperature. Acquired results prove that the direction of inlet velocity should be aligned with the length of cylinder otherwise the temperature increases significantly. At last, comparing the final results to what was calculated and expected reveals that the results have an acceptable concordance and consistency. So, it can be deduced that the simulations have been done properly and the results can be trusted for further studies or possible experiments.