Improvement of onboard crew safety by applying personal tracking and monitoring technologies
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This study deals with the improvement of onboard safety through personal tracking and monitoring technologies. It focusses on the relationship between safety, reporting (formal and informal) and monitoring of the crew, and the reasons behind common violation of procedures, and potential technological solution for adding a barrier to potential accidents. The qualitative strategy was more suitable in this study for an in-depth understanding of procedural violations on chemical tanker vessels and the potential of tracking and monitoring technologies in improvement of safety practices on vessels. A semi-structured interview is applied to cover the topics through different paths, that were associated with the research questions according to the thoughts and opinions of the ratings and marine experts. This study implies that the chemical tanker vessels are more susceptible to safety violations by individuals onboard a vessel. Moreover, the company experts try to improve the safety management system and organizational safety culture by taking some measures such as scheduled onboard inspections and training. However, human failures still occur by the seafarers. This thesis shows that these human failures mostly fall into the category of the routine and situational type failures. Therefore, routine monitoring, appropriate supervision and positive safety culture are proposed as the solutions to resolve these issues. Furthermore, the lack of communication between ratings and upper ranks onboard is identified as one of the main contributing factors to the violation of safety by the crew onboard. The tracking and monitoring technologies show promise to solve this problem by continuous monitoring of crew and increasing their awareness.