Modelling the System Dynamics of Islanding Asynchronous Generators
Conference object, Peer reviewed
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Original versionHåkon Molland Edvardsen, Dietmar Winkler (2014). Modelling the system dynamics of islanding asynchronous generators, Proceedings of the 10th International Modelica Conference; March 10-12; 2014; Lund; Sweden http://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp14096969 http://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp14096969
Asynchronous generators are often used for small hydro power stations with an installed power capacity of under 1MW. The reason for this is their robustness and low cost. In order do be able to produce active electrical power with an asynchronous generator once needs to provide enough excitation by means of reactive power provided by either the electrical grid or additional capacitors. But in asynchronous generators we can also find the phenomenon of self-excitation which allows the asynchronous generator to operate as a standalone unit. Investigation of the self-excitation process shows that significant over-voltages can occur if a generator with sufficient capacitors is suddenly disconnected from the utility grid. The precondition for a successive voltage build-up is that the generator is left with enough capacitive power and a low load after the disconnection. The Lønnestad radial in Seljord, Norway, is a distribution radial with both asynchronous and synchronous generators connected. In order to investigate the system dynamics in the radial after it is disconnected from the rest of the 22kV distribution grid, the radial was modelled and simulated using Modelica as modelling language.