Teachers' understanding of culture and transference of culture : two investigations in the Norwegian region, Telemark, with special reference to cultural heritage
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The two investigations concerning teachers’ understanding of culture deal with teachers’ concepts of culture and their experiences of transferring culture. The results indicate that there seems to exist a relationship between the teachers’ understanding of culture and their practice in school. The investigations have been carried out during a space of 10 years, in a region of Norway called Telemark. The first one started in 1990 and included a purposeful sample of 34 teachers related to aesthetic subjects. Each of them was interviewed for two hours during their school time. The interview guide from this investigation as well as its results represent the basis of the next investigation ten years later. But the project anno 2000 is related to a more representative sample of 300 teachers chosen by chance, engaged in all school subjects. This time the teacher group got a questionnaire of 7 pages, constructed around the same questions as the interview, but formulated more specifically. Unfortunately only 60% of them returned their responses. As both sample and methods are different in the two contexts, it is two different projects concerning the same problems over time, that will be discussed. In spite of these differences, the results have something in common. Primarily the terms culture and cultural heritage seem to be concentrated to humanistic areas and not to all school subjects.. Secondly each teacher group seems to have the same concept of culture both in relation to life world experiences, experiences of school teaching and as general concepts. Thirdly the results confirm a lack of correspondence between the content of the curriculum and the teachers’ views and practice, especially in the last investigation. The most explicit difference is between a normative concept of culture hold by teachers in the first investigation and a more descriptive one in the last one.
UtgiverHøgskolen i Telemark
Opphavsrett© The Authors/Telemark University College
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