Viable destination ecosystems: a perspective article
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionNess, H. (2020). Viable destination ecosystems: a perspective article. Tourism Review, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/TR-10-2019-0409
Purpose This paper provides a brief review of the literature on interorganizational relations in tourism over the last 75 years to understand the emerging focus on destination ecosystems. Based on these developments, the paper points to some issues that future research should consider. Design/Methodology/Approach This selective review provides building blocks for a contemporary view of destination ecosystems, and the possibilities for promoting research on their viability. Findings Research on relationships between tourism firms considers co-operation as important and provides knowledge and theory that is complex addressing a vast range of foci. Future research should attempt to integrate emerging trends using meta-theory and possibly programmatic research. Research limitations/implications This paper is brief in reviewing past trends to identify a few core areas for future directions in destination research and suggests how this might be undertaken. However, this short paper is not exhaustive. Practical implications This paper directs attention to core aspects of destination ecosystems that (destination) managers and public sector representatives should consider in their decision-making to improve viability. Social implications Social and environmental dimensions are explicitly addressed as important for destination ecosystem viability. Originality/Value The paper points to some directions that future research and knowledge development should consider to develop conceptual and actionable knowledge further to promote viability in destination ecosystems.