Informative score-loading-contribution plots for multi-response process monitoring
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionChemometrics and intelligent laboratory systems 95 (2009), No. 1, p. 31-34 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemolab.2008.08.001
The projection based multivariate data methods of principal component regression (PCR) and partial least squares regression (PLSR) are well established in the eld of process monitoring. Use of score and loading plots for visualization is, however, complicated when many components are required for good predictions, and the information is therefore often compressed into less informative T2 and contribution plots. The score information may, however, be further compressed by projection onto subspaces spanned by the vectors of prediction coe¢ cients for the response variables. This is especially attractive in the case of two response variables, i.e. when the model reduction results in a single score-loading biplot. Contribution vectors for the process variables, as well as a con dence ellipse, may also be included in such a plot. As illustrated in an industrial data example, such a score-loading-contribution plot provides means of both failure detection and fault diagnosis.