Now showing items 1-20 of 157

    • A "clearcut" case? Brown bear selection of coarse woody debris and carpenter ants on clearcuts 

      Frank, Shane C.; Steyaert, Sam; Swenson, Jon E.; Storch, Ilse; Kindberg, Jonas; Barck, Hanna; Zedrosser, Andreas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015-07-05)
      Forest management alters habitat characteristics, resulting in various effects among and within species. It is crucial to understand how habitat alteration through forest management (e.g. clearcutting) affects animal ...
    • Abrupt high-latitude climate events and decoupled seasonal trends during the Eemian 

      Salonen, J. Sakari; Helmens, Karin F.; Brendryen, Jo; Kuosmanen, Niina; Väliranta, Minna; Goring, Simon; Korpela, Mikko; Kylander, Malin; Philip, Annemarie; Plikk, Anna; Renssen, Hans; Luoto, Miska (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The Eemian (the Last Interglacial; ca. 129–116 thousand years ago) presents a testbed for assessing environmental responses and climate feedbacks under warmer-than-present boundary conditions. However, climate syntheses ...
    • Age-related changes in somatic condition and reproduction in the Eurasian beaver: Resource history influences onset of reproductive senescence 

      Campbell, Ruairidh D.; Rosell, Frank; Newman, Chris; Macdonald, David W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Using 15 years of data from a stable population of wild Eurasian beavers (Castor fiber), we examine how annual and lifetime access to food resources affect individual age-related changes in reproduction and somatic condition. ...
    • Agricultural landscapes and the Loire River influence the genetic structure of the marbled newt in Western France 

      Costanzi, Jean-Marc; Pascal, Mege; Alexandre, Boissinot; Francis, Isselin-Nondedeu; Sandra, Guerin; Olivier, Lourdais; Audrey, Trochet; Quentin, Le Petitcorps; Agathe, Legrand; Francois, Varenne; Pierre, Grillet; Sophie, Morin-Pinaud; Damien, Picard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Amphibians are particularly sensitive to landscape fragmentation. Potential barriers between breeding sites can negatively infuence the dispersal of individuals and increase genetic structure between populations. In this ...
    • A gross assessment of the suitability of selected Scottish riparian habitats for beaver 

      Parker, Howard; Holthe, Vidar; Rosell, Frank (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2000)
      In November 1998 we were shown a selection of riparian habitats in Scotland and asked to assess their suitability for beaver based on our experience in working with beaver elsewhere. Though many examples of good beaver ...
    • A human-induced landscape of fear influences foraging behavior of brown bears 

      Lodberg-Holm, Hanna Kavli; Gelink, Henriette Wathne; Hertel, Anne Gabriela; Swenson, Jon; Domevscik, Matej; Steyaert, Sam (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Animals adapt their foraging behavior to variations in food availability and predation risk. In Sweden, brown bears (Ursus arctos) depend on a nearly continuous intake of berries, especially bilberries (Vaccinium myrtillus) ...
    • Analysis of DNA polymorphism in wild populations of herb-Paris (Paris quadrifolia L., Trilliaceae) from Lithuania and Norway. 

      Jogaitė, Vaida; Lazutka, Juozas R.; Naujalis, Jonas; Stapulionyte, Asta; Odland, Arvid; Bjerketvedt, Dag Kjartan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2006)
      Analysis of random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) was used to determine genetic diversity within the populations of herb-Paris plant from Lithuania and Norway. RAPD analyses have shown 21.9 ± 5.2% of polymorphic loci in ...
    • Anaplasma in ticks feeding on migrating birds and questing ticks in Lithuania and Norway 

      Paulauskas, Algimantas; Radzijevskaja, Jana; Rosef, Olav (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2009-04-15)
    • An In Situ Experimental Study of Effects on Submerged Vegetation After Activated Carbon Amendment of Legacy Contaminated Sediments 

      Olsen, Marianne; Moy, Frithjof E; Mjelde, Marit; Lydersen, Espen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Activated carbon (AC) amendment has been shown to reduce bioavailability of hydrophobic contaminants in the bioactive layer of sediment. Unwanted secondary effects of AC amendment could be particularly undesirable for ...
    • Are trampling effects by wild tundra reindeer understudied? 

      Heggenes, Jan; Odland, Arvid; Bjerketvedt, Dag Kjartan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Grazing and trampling by the wide-ranging wild tundra reindeer may have major top down landscape effects by causing vegetation changes. Grazing, as the collective effect of eating, trampling, defecation, and urination, has ...
    • A spherical-plot solution to linking acceleration metrics with animal performance, state, behaviour and lifestyle 

      Wilson, Rory Paul; Holton, Mark D.; Walker, James S.; Shepard, Emily L. C.; Scantlebury, Mike; Wilson, Vianney L.; Wilson, Gwendoline I.; Tysse, Brenda; Gravenor, Mike; Ciancio, Javier; McNarry, Melitta A.; Mackintosh, Kelly A.; Qasem, Lama; Rosell, Frank; Graf, Patricia Maria; Quintana, Flavio; Gomez-Laich, Agustina; Sala, Juan-Emilio; Mulvenna, Christina C.; Marks, Nicola J.; Jones, Mark W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Background: We are increasingly using recording devices with multiple sensors operating at high frequencies to produce large volumes of data which are problematic to interpret. A particularly challenging example comes from ...
    • Association between cigarette smoking, APC mutations and the risk of developing sporadic colorectal adenomas and carcinomas 

      Sæbø, Mona; Skjelbred, Camilla Furu; Breistein, Rebecca; Lothe, Inger Marie Bowitz; Hagen, Per Chr.; Bock, Günther; Hansteen, Inger-Lise; Kure, Elin H. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2006-03-17)
      BACKGROUND: The association between colorectal cancer (CRC) and smoking has not been consistent. Incomplete smoking history and association to a specific subset of CRC tumors have been proposed as explanations. The adenomatous ...
    • A test of the dear enemy phenomenon in the Eurasian beaver 

      Rosell, Frank; Bjørkøyli, Tore (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2002)
      We tested the hypothesis that Eurasian beavers, Castor fiber, display the dear enemy phenomenon; that is, they respond less aggressively to intrusions by their territorial neighbours than intrusions by nonterritorial ...
    • Bears and berries: species-specific selective foraging on a patchily distributed food resource in a human-altered landscape 

      Hertel, Anne Gabriela; Steyaert, Sam; Zedrosser, Andreas; Mysterud, Atle; Lodberg-Holm, Hanna Kavli; Gelink, Henriette Wathne; Kindberg, Jonas; Swenson, Jon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      When animals are faced with extraordinary energyconsuming events, like hibernation, finding abundant, energy-rich food resources becomes particularly important. The profitability of food resources can vary spatially, ...
    • Beaver management in Norway : a model for continental Europe? 

      Parker, Howard; Rosell, Frank (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2003)
      While Norway has been managing beaver (Castor fiber) for more than 150 years, most central European countries have little experience and none are presently harvesting beaver, despite rapidly growing populations and conflicts. ...
    • Behavioral correlates of supplementary feeding of wildlife: Can general conclusions be drawn? 

      Steyaert, Sam; Kindberg, Jonas; Jerina, Klemen; Krofel, Miha; Stergar, Matija; Swenson, Jon; Zedrosser, Andreas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014-10-12)
      Supplementary feeding is a common, but controversial, tool in wildlife management, because it can benefit both humans and wildlife (e.g., increased wildlife densities), but has certain downsides (e.g., increased disease ...
    • Berry production drives bottom – up effects on body mass and reproductive success in an omnivore 

      Hertel, Anne Gabriela; Bischof, Richard; Langval, Ola; Mysterud, Atle; Kindberg, Jonas; Swenson, Jon; Zedrosser, Andreas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Obligate herbivores dominate studies of the eff ects of climate change on mammals, however there is limited empirical evidence for how changes in the abundance or quality of plant food aff ect mammalian omnivores. Omnivores ...
    • Blitzfotografering av bevegelige objekter gjennom mikroskop 

      Bjerketvedt, Dag Kjartan (Journal article, 1981)
      Ordinary microscopes can be adapted to fully automatic photomicroscopes for use with flash. An automatic small film camera with an autodynamic flash and extra equipment for microphotography is necessary. The camera's ...
    • Brown bears possess anal sacs and secretions may code for sex 

      Rosell, Frank; Jojola, Susan M.; Ingdal, Kristian; Lassen, Bård Andreas; Swenson, Jon; Arnemo, Jon Martin; Zedrosser, Andreas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010-09-14)
      Olfactory communication occurs in carnivores and many scent-mark with anal gland secretions (AGS), which contain a variety of information including sex-related cues. Currently, there is disagreement about whether bear ...
    • Cadmium, copper, and zinc in Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber) from Bø, Telemark, Norway 

      Fimreite, Norvald; Parker, Howard; Rosell, Frank; Hosen, David Andre; Hovden, Aina; Solheim, Annette (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2001)
      Heavy metals are elements present in all forms of life. Of those analysed for in the present study, cadmium (Cd) is toxic and non-essential while copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) are essential elements, but toxic when certain ...