• The continuum of simulator-based maritime training and education 

      Kim, Tae-Eun; Sharma, Amit; Bustgaard, Morten; Gyldensten, William C.; Nymoen, Ole Kristian; Tusher, Hasan Mahbub; Nazir, Salman (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The COVID-19 pandemic has brought unprecedented challenges to the maritime supply chain and called for accelerated adoption of digital technologies in various aspects of maritime operations, including the area of maritime ...
    • Difference between normative and descriptive concepts on theevaluation of accident narratives 

      Øvergård, Kjell Ivar; Paulsen, Maren; Nazir, Salman (Chapter; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Accident investigations are important tools in increasing industrial safety. In this paper we report an experiment evaluating the effect of evaluative concepts such as adjectives and adverbs from maritime accident narratives. ...
    • Distributed situation awareness in a demanding maritime operation: A case study of the subsea segment 

      Norstein, Erlend; Sharma, Amit; Jungefeldt, Sophie Sara Margareta; Nazir, Salman (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Maritime subsea operations have increased significantly in size and complexity during the last decades as a result of the advances in the offshore oil industry. Despite the fact that subsea operations can involve hundreds ...
    • Distributed Situation Awareness in pilotage operations: Implications and Challenges 

      Sharma, Amit; Nazir, Salman (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Pilotage is considered as the most critical leg of navigation and a complex operation in maritime domain. In this paper, we argue that Distributed Situation Awareness (DSA) is an important construct in pilotage as the ...
    • Effectiveness of VR Head Mounted Displays in Professional Training: A Systematic Review 

      Renganayagalu, Sathiya Kumar; Mallam, Steven; Nazir, Salman (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Over the past decade, virtual reality (VR) has re-emerged as a popular technology trend. This is mainly due to the recent investments from technology companies that are improving VR systems while increasing consumer access ...
    • Human Error and Response to Alarms in Process Safety 

      Mrugalska, Beata; Nazir, Salman; Tytyk, Edwin; Øvergård, Kjell Ivar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Human operators are required to respond to alarms in normal conditions, and also to find solutions to unexpected situations in real time. The aim of this study is to increase the knowledge of human responses to alarms in ...
    • Human error in pilotage operations 

      Ernstsen, Jørgen; Nazir, Salman (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Pilotage operations require close interaction between human and machines. This complex sociotechnical system is necessary to safely and efficiently maneuver a vessel in constrained waters. A sociotechnical system consists ...
    • Impact of simulation fidelity on student self-efficacy and perceived skill development in maritime training 

      Renganayagalu, Sathiya Kumar; Mallam, Steven; Nazir, Salman; Ernstsen, Jørgen; Haavardtun, Per (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Maritime education and training (MET) has a long tradition of using simulator training to develop competent seafarers and relevant seafaring skills. In a safety critical domain like maritime industry, simulators provide ...
    • Process equipment common attributes for inherently safer process design at preliminary design stage 

      Athar, Muhammad; Shariff, Azmi Mohd; Buang, Azizul; Nazir, Salman; Hermansyah, Heri; See, Tan Lian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Hazards associated with chemical processes can lead to accidents and require therefore proper management. An inherent safety strategy is a proactive approach to serve this purpose, one capable of minimizing hazards whilst ...
    • Rethinking Maritime Education, Training, and Operations in the Digital Era: Applications for Emerging Immersive Technologies 

      Mallam, Steven; Nazir, Salman; Renganayagalu, Sathiya Kumar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The use of simulators in maritime education and training is an essential component for developing seafarer competencies. Emerging immersive technologies, such as virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR) and mixed reality ...
    • Situation awareness information requirements for maritime navigation: A goal directed task analysis 

      Sharma, Amit; Nazir, Salman; Ernstsen, Jørgen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Maritime shipping transports about 90% of the international trade and is considered a high-risk industry. Among all daily operations carried out by merchant ships, navigation is deemed the most critical. With the ever-increasing ...
    • The Impact of Trainer on Training Transferability 

      Nazir, Salman; Øvergård, Kjell Ivar; Manca, Davide (Chapter; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      This paper seeks the answer of: “The Impact of Trainer on Training Transferability”. Since last two decades, the use of advance and immersive training simulators have became a common practice in various domains. With ...
    • The Level of Automation in Emergency Quick Disconnect Decision Making 

      Imset, Marius; Falk, Kristin; Kjørstad, Marianne; Nazir, Salman (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      As a key measure for safety and environmental protection during offshore well operations, drill rigs are equipped with Emergency Quick Disconnect (EQD) systems. However, an EQD operation is in itself considered a risky ...
    • Towards Automated Performance Assessment for Maritime Navigation 

      Øvergård, Kjell Ivar; Nazir, Salman; Solberg, Aleksander Stenseth (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      This paper presents the outcome of a pre‐project that resulted in an initial version (prototype) of an automated assessment algorithm for a specific maritime operation. The prototype is based on identified control requirements ...
    • Training Simulator for Extreme Environments 

      Nazir, Salman; Manca, Davide; Komulainen, Tiina M.; Øvergård, Kjell Ivar (Chapter, 2015)
      Current technological advancements have enabled the achievement of excellence in design of training simulators. This work highlights the challenges faced by operators in extreme environments and harsh conditions in an ...
    • Use of evidential reasoning for eliciting bayesian subjective probabilities in human reliability analysis: A maritime case 

      Yang, Zaili; Abujaafar, Khalifa Mohamed; Qu, Zhuohua; Wang, Jin; Nazir, Salman; Wan, Chengpeng (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Modelling the interdependencies among the factors influencing human error (e.g. the common performance conditions (CPCs) in Cognitive Reliability Error Analysis Method (CREAM)) stimulates the use of Bayesian Networks (BNs) ...
    • Virtual Reality Simulators in the Process Industry A Review of Existing Systems and the Way Towards ETS 

      Cibulka, Jaroslav; Komulainen, Tiina M.; Mirtaheri, Peyman; Nazir, Salman; Manca, Davide (Chapter; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Simulator training with Virtual Reality Simulators deeply engages the operators and improves the learning outcome. The available commercial 3D and Virtual Reality Simulator products range from generic models for laptops ...